NHLBI TOPMed: Boston Early-Onset COPD Study


The description below was taken directly from the NCBI database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP):

This study is part of the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Whole Genome Sequencing Program. TOPMed is part of a broader Precision Medicine Initiative, which aims to provide disease treatments that are tailored to an individual's unique genes and environment. TOPMed will contribute to this initiative through the integration of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and other -omics (e.g., metabolic profiles, protein and RNA expression patterns) data with molecular, behavioral, imaging, environmental, and clinical data. In doing so, this program aims to uncover factors that increase or decrease the risk of disease, to identify subtypes of disease, and to develop more targeted and personalized treatments. Two genotype call sets derived from WGS are now available, Freeze 5b (GRCh38) and Freeze 8 (GRCh38), with largely overlapping sample sets. Information about how to identify other TOPMed WGS accessions for cross-study analysis, as well as descriptions of TOPMed methods of data acquisition, data processing and quality control, are provided in the accompanying documents, "TOPMed Whole Genome Sequencing Project - Freeze 5b, Phases 1 and 2" and "TOPMed Whole Genome Sequencing Project - Freeze 8, Phases 1-4". Please check the study list at the top of each of these methods documents to determine whether it applies to this study accession.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States and the only leading cause of death that is steadily increasing in frequency. This project collected a set of extended pedigrees ascertained through subjects with severe, early-onset COPD. This study has enrolled subjects with severe COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 40% predicted) at an early age (< 53 years) without alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (a known Mendelian risk factor for COPD). Extended pedigrees are enrolled, primarily in New England, although some more geographically distant subjects have been included. This study has been used for epidemiological studies, familial aggregation analysis, linkage analysis, and candidate gene association analysis. Approximately 80 of the severe, early-onset COPD probands will undergo whole genome sequencing in this project with sequencing data available through dbGaP.

General information

phs#Study abbreviationStudy typeParent phs#
phs000946EOCOPDPedigree Whole Genome SequencingN/A